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BIO101T Wk 1 – Exam #1: Energy Drink Unit

by adminin on March 31, 2021
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ENV100T Week 4, MKT421T Week 3, MKT421 Week 2, RES720 Week6, RES720 Week5, RES720 Week4, RES720 Week3, RES720 Week2, RES720 Week1, MFCC556 Week 6, MFCC556 Week5, MFCC556 Week 5, MFCC556 Week4, MKT421T Week1, MFCC556 Week 4, MFCC556 Week3, MFCC556 Week 3, MFCC556 Week2, MFCC556 Week 2, MFCC556 Week 1, OPS350 Week 5, OPS350 Week 4, OPS350 Week 3, OPS350 Week 2, OPS350 Week 1, HRM300T Week 5, HRM300T Week 4, HRM300T Week 2, HRM300T Week 1, DOC741 Week 6, DOC741 Week 5, DOC741 Week 4, DOC741 Week 2, DOC741 Week1, DOC741 Week 1, HSN575 Week8, HSN575 Week 8, HSN575 Week 7, HSN575 Week 6, HSN575 Week 3, HSN575 Week 2, LDR531 Week4, NSG511 Week 6, MBA5001 Week 5, MBA5001 Week5, MBA5001 Week 4, MBA5001 Week4, MBA5001 Week 3, MBA5001 Week3, MBA5001 Week 2, MBA5001 Week2, MBA5001 Week1, MBA5001 Week 1, PSY211 Week 5, PSY211 Week 4, PSY211 Week 3, PSY211 Week 2, PSY211 Week 1, DOC720R Day3, BSA375 Week 5, BSA375 Week 4, BSA375 Week2, BSA375 Week 2, CMGT445 Week 5, CMGT445 Week 4, CMGT445 Week 3, CMGT445 Week 1, BSA412 Week 5, BSA412 Week5, BSA412 Week4, BSA412 Week 4, BSA412 Week 3, BSA412 Week2, BSA412 Week 2, BSA412 Week 1, CMGT420 Week 5, CMGT420 Week5, CMGT420 Week4, CMGT420 Week 4, CMGT420 Week 3, CMGT420 Week3, CMGT420 Week2, CMGT420 Week 2, RES710 Week8, RES710 Week7, RES710 Week6, RES710 Week5, RES710 Week4, RES710 Week3, RES710 Week2, LDR711A Week 7, LDR711A Week 5, LDR711A Week 3, CPMGT300 Week 5, LAW531T Week 6, LAW531T Week 5, LAW531T Week 4, LAW531T Week 3, LAW531T Week 2, ISCOM383 Week 4, ISCOM383 Week 3, ISCOM383 Week 2, ISCOM383 Week 1, HRM531 Week 2, CNSL556 Week 3, CNSL556 Week 2, STR581 Week 6, STR581 Week3, HSN565 Week5, MGT312T Week 5, MGT312T Week 4, MGT312T Week 3, FIN571 Week 5, LDR726 Week8, LDR726 Week 8, LDR726 Week 7, LDR726 Week 6, LDR726 Week4, LDR726 Week 5, LDR726 Week 4, LDR726 Week 2, LDR726 Week 1, CCMH515CA Week 8, CCMH515CA Week6, CCMH515CA Week 6, CCMH515CA Week 4, CCMH515CA Week 3, CCMH515CA Week 2, CCMH515CA Week 1, LEA5125 Week 1, ENT588 Week 3, CCMH548 Week 6, CCMH548 Week6, CCMH548 Week5, CCMH548 Week 5, CCMH548 Week 3, CCMH548 Week 2, CCMH548 Week 1, CCMH544 Week 8, CCMH544 Week 7, CCMH544 Week 6, CCMH544 Week 5, CCMH544 Week 4, CCMH544 Week 3, CCMH544 Week 2, CCMH544 Week 1, GEN480 Week 5, GEN480 Week4, GEN480 Week 4, GEN480 Week 3, GEN480 Week 2, GEN480 Week1, GEN480 Week 1, ACC492 Week 5, ACC492 Week5, ACC492 Week 4, ACC492 Week4, ACC492 Week3, ACC492 Week 3, ACC492 Week 2, ACC492 Week2, ACC492 Week1, OPS571 Week1, OPS571 Week 2, OPS571 Week3, OPS571 Week4, OPS571 Week 6, REL133 Week4, REL133 Week3, REL133 Week2, REL133 Week1, HUM150 Week 5, HUM150 Week 4, HUM150 Week 3, HUM150 Week 1, HUM150 Week 2, HSN570 Week 5, HSN570 Week 4, HSN570 Week 3, HSN570 Week 2, HSN570 Week 1, HSN565 Week 6, HSN565 Week 5, HSN565 Week 3, HSN565 Week 2, HSN565 Week 1, MGT420 Week 5, MGT420 Week 3, MGT420 Week 1, DOC720R Day 3, DOC720R Day 2, DOC720R Day 1, RES710 Week 8, RES710 Week 7, RES710 Week 6, RES710 Week 5, RES710 Week 4, RES710 Week 3, RES710 Week 2, RES710 Week 1, RES709 Week 8, RES709 Week 7, RES709 Week 6, RES709 Week 5, RES709 Week 4, RES709 Week 3, RES709 Week 2, RES709 Week 1, COMM110 Week5, COMM110 Week 2, COMM110 Week1, COMM400 Week 5, COMM400 Week4, COMM400 Week 4, COMM400 Week 2, COMM400 Week1, COMM400 Week 1, CPMGT305 Week 5, CPMGT305 Week 4, CPMGT305 Week 3, CPMGT305 Week 2, CPMGT305 Week 1, CPMGT302 Week 5, CPMGT302 Week 4, CPMGT302 Week 3, CPMGT302 Week 2, CPMGT302 Week 2, CPMGT302 Week 1, CPMGT301 Week 5, CPMGT301 Week 4, CPMGT301 Week 2, CPMGT301 Week 1, GBM380 Week 4, GBM380 Week 2, QNT351 Week 1, ETH316 Week 3, ETH316 Week2, ETH316 Week 2, ETH316 Week 1, DOC788 Week 2, DOC788 Week 1, LDR736 Week 8, LDR736 Week 7, LDR736 Week 6, LDR736 Week 4, LDR736 Week 3, LDR736 Week 2, LDR736 Week 1, DOC723 Week 6, DOC723 Week 5, DOC723 Week 4, DOC723 Week 3, DOC723 Week 2, DOC723 Week 1, ORG727 Week 8, ORG727 Week 5, ORG727 Week 4, ORG727 Week 3, ORG727 Week 2, ORG727 Week 1, MGT726 Week 7, MGT726 Week 4, MGT726 Week 3, MGT726 Week 1, RES720 Week 8, RES720 Week 7, RES720 Week 6, RES720 Week 5, RES720 Week 4, RES720 Week 3, RES720 Week 2, RES720 Week 1, MHA516 Week 6, MHA516 Week 5, MHA516 Week 4, MHA516 Week 3, MHA516 Week 2, MHA505 Week 6, MHA505 Week 5, MHA505 Week 4, MHA505 Week 3, MHA505 Week 2, CCMH535 Week 6, CCMH535 Week 4, CCMH535 Week 2, CCMH535 Week 1, CCMH525 Week 7, CCMH525 Week 6, CCMH525 Week 4, CCMH525 Week 3, CCMH525 Week 2, CCMH525 Week 1, CCMH551 Week 6, CCMH551 Week 5, CCMH551 Week 4, CCMH551 Week 3, CCMH551 Week 2, CCMH551 Week 1, HCS499 Week 4, HCS499 Week3, HCS499 Week 3, HCS499 Week 2, ENG313 Week 2, ENG313 Week1, ENG313 Week 1, PSY420 Week5, PSY420 Week 5, PSY420 Week 4, PSY420 Week3, PSY420 Week 3, PSY420 Week 2, PSY420 Week 1, PSY410 Week 5, PSY410 Week 3, PSY410 Week 2, PSY410 Week1, PSY410 Week 1, MKT440 Week 5, MKT440 Week 4, MKT440 Week 3, MKT440 Week 1, MGT373 Week 5, MGT373 Week 4, MGT373 Week 3, MGT373 Week 2, MGT373 Week 1, MGT411 Week 5, MGT411 Week 3, MGT411 Week 2, MGT411 Week 1, OPS571 Week 5, OPS571 Week 4, OPS571 Week 1, MKT593 Week 4, MKT593 Week 2, MKT593 Week 1, MKT562 Week 4, MKT562 Week 3, MKT562 Week 2, MKT562 Week 1, MKT544 Week 5, MKT544 Week 4, MKT544 Week 3, MKT544 Week 1, MKT554 Week 4, MKT554 Week 2, MKT554 Week 1, GLG220 Week5, GLG220 Week4, GLG220 Week2, GLG220 Week1, ENT588 Week5, ENT588 Week 5, ENT588 Week 4, ENT588 Week3, ENT588 Week2, ENT588 Week1, MFCC551CA Week8, MFCC551CA Week7, MFCC551CA Week6, MFCC551CA Week5, MFCC551CA Week4, MFCC551CA Week3, MFCC551CA Week2, MFCC551CA Week1, CCMH506 Week7, CCMH506 Week6, CCMH506 Week5, CCMH506 Week4, CCMH506 Week3, CCMH506 Week2, CCMH506 Week1, CCMH504 Week6, CCMH504 Week5, CCMH504 Week4, CCMH504 Week1, CCMH510 Week5, CCMH510 Week3, CCMH510 Week2, CCMH510 Week1, FIN571 Week5, FIN571 Week2, BIS221T Week 5, ENV100T Week 2, ENG223 Week5, ENG223 Week4, ENG223 Week3, ENG223 Week 2, ENG223 Week2, ENG223 Week1, PHL458 Week5, PHL458 Week4, PHL458 Week3, PHL458 Week2, PHL458 Week1, HST175 Week5, HST175 Week4, HST175 Week3, HST175 Week2, HST175 Week1, POL115 Week 3, POL115 Week1, POL115 Week2, HUM105 Week3, HUM105 Week2, HUM105 Week1, SOC100 Week4, SOC100 Week3, SOC100 Week2, SOC100 Week1, PSY203 Week 5, PSY203 Week4, PSY203 Week 4, PSY203 Week3, PSY203 Week 3, PSY203 Week 2, PSY203 Week 1, FIN486 Week4, FIN486 Week 2, SCI201 Week2, SCI201 Week 1, SCI201 Week1, FIN366 Week5, FIN366 Week 5, FIN366 Week4, FIN366 Week 4, FIN366 Week3, FIN366 Week 3, FIN366 Week2, FIN366 Week 2, FIN366 Week1, FIN366 Week 1, FIN419 Week 1, ISCOM476 Week5, ISCOM476 Week3, ISCOM374 Week 5, ISCOM374 Week4, ISCOM374 Week 3, ISCOM374 Week3, ISCOM374 Week2, ISCOM473 Week5, ISCOM473 Week4, ISCOM473 Week2, ISCOM473 Week1, ISCOM424 Week5, ISCOM424 Week4, ISCOM424 Week3, ISCOM424 Week 2, ISCOM424 Week2, ISCOM424 Week1, ARTS125 Week5, ARTS125 Week3, ARTS125 Week2, ARTS125 Week1, HRM498 Week5, HRM498 Week4, HRM498 Week3, HRM498 Week 2, HRM498 Week2, HRM498 Week1, BIS221T Week2, BIS221T Week1, MTH216 Week3, MTH216 Week2, PSY405 Week5, PSY405 Week 3, PSY405 Week3, PSY405 Week2, PSY405 Week1, PSY110 Week 5, PSY110 Week 4, PSY110 Week 3, PSY110 Week2, PSY110 Week1, CJS201 Week 2, CJS201 Week5, CJS201 Week4, CJS201 Week3, CJS201 Week2, CJS201 Week1, ACC491 Week5 team, ACC491 Week5, ACC491 Week 4, ACC491 Week4, ACC491 Week 3, ACC491 Week3, ACC491 Week 1, ACC491 Week1, ECO365 Week1, COMM315 Week5, COMM315 Week4, COMM315 Week3, COMM315 Week2, COMM315 Week1, SOC262 Week5, SOC262 Week4, SOC262 Week3, SOC262 Week2, SOC262 Week1, MGT230 Week 5, MGT230 Week 4, MGT230 Week5, MGT230 Week4, MGT230 Week3, MGT230 Week2, MGT230 Week1, MKT421 Week5, MPA533 Week 5, MPA533 Week 4, MPA533 Week 3, HRM310 Week 5, HRM310 Week5, HRM310 Week4, HRM310 Week3, HRM310 Week2, HRM310 Week1, HRM324 Week5, HRM324 Week4, HRM324 Week3, HRM324 Week2, HRM324 Week1, MGT418 Week 5, MGT418 Week5, MGT418 Week4, MGT418 Week3, MGT418 Week2, MGT418 Week 1, MGT418 Week1, HSN560 Week6, HSN560 Week5, HSN560 Week4, HSN560 Week3, HSN560 Week2, HSN560 Week1, FIN422 Week 5, FIN422 Week 4, FIN422 Week5, FIN422 Week4, FIN422 Week3, FIN422 Week2, FIN422 Week1, FIN402 Week5, FIN402 Week4, FIN402 Week3, FIN402 Week2, FIN402 Week1, IT200 Week 4, IT200 Week5, IT200 Week4, IT200 Week3, IT200 Week2, IT200 Week 1, GEO180 Week 4, GEO180 Week5, GEO180 Week4, GEO180 Week3, GEO180 Week 2, GEO180 Week2, GEO180 Week1, ISCOM305 Week 5, ISCOM305 Week5, ISCOM305 Week 2, GEN201 Week 5, GEN201 Week 4, GEN201 Week 3, MGT445 Week5, MGT445 Week4, MGT445 Week3, MGT445 Week2, MGT445 Week1, MPA533 Week 6, MPA533 Week5, MPA533 Week2, MPA593 Week6, MPA593 Week5, MPA593 Week4, MPA593 Week3, MPA593 Week2, MPA593 Week1, MPA583 Week6, MPA583 Week5, MPA583 Week4, MPA583 Week3, MPA583 Week2, MPA583 Week1, MPA563 Week6, MPA563 Week5, MPA563 Week4, MPA563 Week3, MPA563 Week2, MPA563 Week1, PSY360 Week5, PSY360 Week4, PSY360 Week3, PSY360 Week2, PSY360 Week1, HM475 Week 4, HM475 Week5, HM475 Week4, HM475 Week3, HM475 Week2, HM475 Week1, MPATM543 Week6, MPATM543 Week5, MPATM543 Week4, MPATM543 Week3, MPATM543 Week2, MPATM543 Week1, MPA573 Week 3, MPA573 Week6, MPA573 Week5, MPA573 Week4, MPA573 Week3, MPA573 Week2, MPA573 Week1, MPA543 Week6, MPA543 Week5, MPA543 Week4, MPA543 Week3, MPA543 Week2, MPA543 Week1, HRMPA533 Week6, HRMPA533 Week5, HRMPA533 Week4, HRMPA533 Week3, HRMPA533 Week2, HRMPA533 Week1, LAWPA513 Week 5, LAWPA513 Week6, LAWPA513 Week5, LAWPA513 Week4, LAWPA513 Week3, LAWPA513 Week2, LAWPA513 Week1, HSN525 Week8, HSN525 Week7, HSN525 Week6, HSN525 Week5, HSN525 Week4, HSN525 Week3, HSN525 Week2, HSN525 Week1, NSG550 Week6, NSG550 Week5, NSG550 Week4, NSG550 Week3, NSG550 Week2, NSG550 Week1, MPA533 Week6, MPA533 Week5, MPA533 Week4, MPA533 Week3, MPA533 Week2, MPA533 Week1, NSG513 Week6, NSG513 Week5, NSG513 Week4, NSG513 Week3, NSG513 Week2, NSG513 Week1, NSG512 Week 6, NSG512 Week6, NSG512 Week5, NSG512 Week4, NSG512 Week3, NSG512 Week2, NSG512 Week1, NSG511 Week6, NSG511 Week5, NSG511 Week4, NSG511 Week3, NSG511 Week2, NSG511 Week1, HCS529 Week5, HCS529 Week4, HCS529 Week3, HCS529 Week2, HCS529 Week1, HCS535 Week6, HCS535 Week5, HCS535 Week4, HCS535 Week3, HCS535 Week2, HCS535 Week1, HCS552 Week6, HCS552 Week5, HCS552 Week4, HCS552 Week3, HCS552 Week2, HCS552 Week1, PSY340 Week 2, PSY340 Week5, PSY340 Week4, PSY340 Week3, PSY340 Week2, PSY340 Week1, PSY335 Week 2, PSY335 Week5, PSY335 Week4, PSY335 Week3, PSY335 Week2, PSY335 Week1, ETH120 Week5, ETH120 Week4, ETH120 Week 4, ETH120 Week2, ETH120 Week1, DOC705R Day 2, DOC705R Day5, DOC705R Day4, DOC705R Day3, DOC705R Day2, DOC705R Day1, MGT314 Week5, MGT314 Week4, MGT314 Week 4, MGT314 Week2, MGT314 Week1, SOC333 Week 1, SOC333 Week5, SOC333 Week4, SOC333 Week3, SOC333 Week2, SOC333 Week1, PSY310 Week 5, PSY310 Week5, PSY310 Week4, PSY310 Week3, PSY310 Week2, PSY310 Week1, PSY305 Week5, PSY305 Week4, PSY305 Week3, PSY305 Week2, PSY305 Week1, COMM102 Week5, COMM102 Week4, COMM102 Week3, COMM102 Week2, COMM102 Week1, PSY245 Week 4, PSY245 Week 3, PSY245 Week5, PSY245 Week4, PSY245 Week3, PSY245 Week2, PSY245 Week1, PSY215 Week 5, PSY215 Week5, PSY215 Week4, PSY215 Week3, PSY215 Week2, PSY215 Week1, MPA553 Week6, MPA553 Week5, MPA553 Week4, MPA553 Week3, MPA553 Week2, ACC574 Week6, ACC574 Week5, ACC574 Week4, ACC574 Week3, ACC574 Week2, ACC574 Week1, QNT562 Week6, QNT562 Week5, QNT562 Week4, QNT562 Week3, QNT562 Week2, QNT562 Week1, BIS320 Week 4, BIS320 Week 3, BIS320 Week5, BIS320 Week4, BIS320 Week3, BIS320 Week2, BIS320 Week1, PSY250 Week1, PSY250 Week5, PSY250 Week4, PSY250 Week3, PSY250 Week2, LTC310 Week5, LTC310 Week4, LTC310 Week3, LTC310 Week2, CPMGT300 Week5, CPMGT300 Week4, CPMGT300 Week3, CPMGT300 Week2, CPMGT300 Week1, SOC315 Week5, SOC315 Week4, SOC315 Week 3, SOC315 Week3, SOC315 Week2, SOC315 Week1, LTC328 Week5, LTC328 Week3, LTC328 Week2, LTC315 Week4, LTC315 Week3, LTC315 Week2, ACC561 Week6, ACC561 Week 3, ACC561 Week3, ACC561 Week2, ACC561 Week1, QRB501 Week4, QRB501 Week2, HCS433 Week3, HCS433 Week2, HCS437 Week5, HCS437 Week4, HCS437 Week3, HCS437 Week2, HCS465 Week5, HCS465 Week3, HCS465 Week 2, HCS465 Week2, HCS451 Week5, HCS451 Week3, HCS451 Week2, HCS483 Week4, HCS483 Week 4, HCS483 Week 3, HCS483 Week3, HCS457 Week 5, HCS457 Week5, HCS457 Week4, HCS490 Week5, HCS490 Week 4, HCS490 Week4, HCS490 Week2, HCS385 Week 5, HCS385 Week5, HCS385 Week4, HCS385 Week3, POL215 Week5, POL215 Week 3, POL215 Week2, POL215 Week1, HST206 Week 5, HST206 Week4, HST206 Week3, HST206 Week1, LDR531 Week6, LDR531 Week 5, LDR531 Week5, LDR531 Week4, LDR531 Week 3, LDR531 Week3, LDR531 Week2, LDR531 Week1, HRM531 Week5, HRM531 Week4, HRM531 Week2, HRM531 Week1, HST276 Week5, HST276 Week4, HST276 Week3, HST276 Week1, ENG135 Week4, ENG135 Week5, ENG135 Week3, ENG135 Week 3, ENG135 Week2, ENG135 Week1, SOC110 Week5, SOC110 Week4, CJA345 Week1, CJA345 Week2, CJA345 Week 2, CJA345 Week3, CJA345 Week 3, CJA345 Week4, CJA345 Week 4, CJA345 Week5, CJA345 Week 5, MGT448 Week 4, MGT448 Week 3, MGT448 Week5, MGT448 Week4, MGT448 Week3, MGT448 Week2, MGT448 Week1, ISCOM305 Week 4, ISCOM305 Week 3,ISCOM305 Week 2, ISCOM305 Week5, ISCOM305 Week4, ISCOM305 Week3, ISCOM305 Week2, ISCOM305 Week1, PSY280 Week4, PSY280 Week3, PSY280 Week2, PSY280 Week1, PSY280 Week5, PSY280 Week5, PSY225 Week 5, PSY225 Week 4, PSY225 Week5, PSY225 Week4, PSY225 Week3, PSY225 Week2

Which of the following statements best describes the effects of caffeine on the body?

• Caffeine cannot readily cross the plasma membrane into body cells, so all effects are short-lived.
• In the brain, caffeine activates receptors for adenosine and blocks the action adrenaline.
• Caffeine is considered a psychoactive drug because it changes brain function.
• Caffeine is a diuretic and can cause extreme water loss.
• Caffeine is only water-soluble, not fat-soluble, so it is less likely to be absorbed into the bloodstream.

If we set up an experimental design to explore the full digestion of starch to glucose, we would need to include which enzymes?

• pepsin and lipase
• trypsin and lipase
• pepsin and hydrochloric acid
• amylase and maltase
• trypsin and maltase

Which of the following statements is true?

• Aerobic respiration of glucose has five phases.
• The citric acid cycle begins and ends with pyruvate.
• Cellular respiration will eventually produce three ATP molecules.
• Aerobic respiration releases oxygen and uses carbon dioxide.
• The end product of glycolysis is pyruvate.

A student sitting in the back row opened a bottle of foul-smelling perfume and dabbed it on her wrists. One by one (beginning from the back of the room) the students began to cough due to the foul smell. This phenomena was due to

• osmosis.
• an allergic reaction.
• molecules moving from an area of low concentration to high concentration.
• diffusion.
• active transport.

Select the correct association.

• lipids—structural components of hair, fingernails, and claws
• proteins—have three forms: monosaccharides, disaccharides, and polysaccharides
• carbohydrates—composed of amino acids bound together with peptide bonds
• proteins—make up the bulk of the plasma membrane of cells
• carbohydrates—provide the body with an immediate source of energy

Of the following list of ingredients in an energy drink, which is the most likely to provide a burst of energy?

• Taurine
• Malic acid
• phenylalanine
• Vitamin C
• caffeine

Which process is responsible for moving bulk cellular wastes across the cell membrane?

• diffusion
• endocytosis
• pinocytosis
• osmosis
• exocytosis

In which of the following is the correct monomer matched with its polymer?

• amino acid—protein
• monosaccharide—lipid
• glycerol—carbohydrate
• fatty acid—carbohydrate
• fatty acid—protein

Which of the following is a function of the large intestine?

• production of amylase to break down starches
• storage of excess bile salts
• secretion of insulin
• absorption of water
• absorption of amino acids

Which of the following statements is true concerning how energy drinks work?

• Energy drinks contain vast amounts of carbohydrates and proteins that enter into cellular respiration pathways, directly providing ATP energy.
• All energy drinks contain caffeine, as it is a known stimulant that increases energy levels.
• It is the amount of food additives in energy drinks that provides the energy felt.
• Energy drinks contain numerous vitamins and minerals which are known to directly act as stimulants.
• Energy drinks contain vitamins which are known to interact with cellular respiration pathways, helping provide energy.

Which of the following is a likely physiological effect of caffeine ingestion?

• extreme increase in diuretic effects
• increased metabolic rate
• decrease in blood glucose levels
• decrease in central nervous system activity
• release of proteins into the bloodstream

Which of the following is an organic molecule?

• C6H12O6
• NaCl
• (BH)3(NH)3
• CaCO3

Each enzyme has a particular substrate because enzymes

• have active sites complementary in shape to their substrates.
• increase the energy of activation.
• are named for their substrate.
• decrease the productivity of the cell.
• always require coenzymes.

How are lipids different from other categories of biological molecules?

• They are not organic.
• They do not have carbon.
• They are not seen in all living things.
• They will not combine with water.
• They are much more complex.

The principal role for sugars in living organisms is to

• create our genetic code.
• provide a source of cellular energy for work.
• form cell membranes.
• serve as a form of long-term energy storage.
• produce hormones.

An energy drink that is marketed towards athletes promises to boost endurance, decrease muscle fatigue, and promote recovery. It contains caffeine, B vitamins, taurine, malic acid, and phenylalanine. Is this claim plausible?

• No. These substances have not been shown to alter human physiology in any way.
• Yes. These substances have been shown to have benefits including increased athletic performance, increased energy, and the production of proteins in the body.

In humans, what is the sequence of fat digestion from the lumen of the small intestine to the bloodstream?

• lipids → fatty acid and glycerol (converted in epithelial cell) → bloodstream
• lipids → fatty acid and glycerol (converted in liver) → lacteal → bloodstream
• lipids → fatty acid and glycerol (converted in liver) → bloodstream
• lipids → fatty acid and glycerol (converted in epithelial cell) → lacteal → bloodstream
• lipids → fatty acid and glycerol (converted in lacteal) → bloodstream

Starch digestion begins in the _____ and protein digestion begins in the _____.

• small intestine; stomach
• stomach; large intestine
• stomach; small intestine
• mouth; stomach
• mouth; small intestine

Which of the following statements best describes ATP?

• ATP is formed when energy is released during photosynthesis.
• ADP is extremely high in potential energy.
• When ADP + P becomes ATP, the amount of energy released is enough for a biological purpose.
• ATP is comprised of a sugar, base, and three phosphate groups.

Which of the following statements is true regarding energy drinks?

• All energy drinks must contain vitamins, food additives, and stimulants, including caffeine.
• The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) ensures that claims made by drink manufacturers are verified.
• Energy drinks are classified as food by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA).
• The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) heavily regulates energy drinks.
• Energy drinks claim to increase energy levels, mental awareness, and reduce muscle fatigue.

Which of the following is responsible for the storage of extra bile, used to aid in the digestion of fats?

• small intestine
• stomach
• liver
• pancreas
• gallbladder

Which of the following is the correct sequence of events in cellular respiration?

• glycolysis → preparatory reaction → citric acid cycle → electron transport chain
• citric acid cycle → glycolysis → electron transport chain → preparatory reaction
• citric acid cycle → electron transport → glycolysis → preparatory reaction
• glycolysis → electron transport chain → preparatory reaction
• glycolysis → citric acid cycle → electron transport chain

The tagline of an energy drink states that the drink will provide a burst of energy that is long lasting, without the jitters. Which of the following would not be found in the drink?

• niacin
• pantothenic acid
• caffeine
• riboflavin
• B1

Cellular respiration involves all of the following except

• the release of carbon dioxide.
• the release of energy.
• the breakdown of molecules.
• breathing in and out.
• the synthesis of ATP.

Which of the following is a passive mechanism used to move materials into and out of of the cell?

• facilitated diffusion
• feedback inhibition
• phagocytosis
• exocytosis
• active transport

Which is an example of potential energy rather than kinetic energy?

• an apple made up of energy-rich macromolecules
• a candle giving off light
• a skier at the bottom of the hill instead of the top of the hill
• a pile of leaves that have been burned
• a firefly using light flashes to attract a mate

Which of the following is an example of a B vitamin?

• taurine
• calcitrol
• caffeine
• niacin
• malic acid

Which of the following is a function of the liver?

• produces insulin and glucagon
• filters out nitrogenous wastes
• absorbs proteins from food in the form of amino acids
• absorbs water
• detoxifies blood by filtering poisonous substances

Which of the following is not likely to be found in large quantities in an energy drink?

• fats
• niacin
• caffeine
• folic acid
• amino acids

Which one of the following is a main function of many proteins?

• genetic coding
• insulation
• detoxification
• energy source
• enzymatic activity

Which of the following is a true statement about proteins?

• Proteins are used to insulate the body from cold and protect it from abuse.
• Proteins are made up of amino acids bonded together.
• Proteins are used to produce ATP for the cell.
• Extra proteins are stored in the liver and brain.
• Even small changes in temperature and pH will immediately destroy a protein’s shape and function.

Hydrolysis of sucrose, a disaccharide, results in

• the release of functional groups.
• two glycerol units.
• three monosaccharides.
• two monomers.
• two nucleotides.

The relative number of mitochondria in a cell would be a general indicator of the extent of _____ occurring within that cell.

• active transport
• osmosis
• osmosis and diffusion
• diffusion
• facilitated transport

Which of the following statements is true about vitamins?

• Vitamins are nutrients that are directly metabolized through cellular respiration pathways, providing energy for the cell.
• Vitamins are enzymes that catalyze chemical reactions in cells.
• Vitamins are organic nutrients that break down to form energy for the cell.
• Vitamins are molecules that assist enzymes in chemical reactions or assist in energy-related pathways.
• Vitamins are molecules that lower the activation energy of chemical reactions, allowing them to proceed rapidly.

Which of the following statements best describe the way molecules move across a plasma membrane?

• Small, uncharged molecules pass through the plasma membrane easily.
• Water and gas molecules require “helper” proteins to move through the plasma membrane.
• Charged molecules pass through the plasma membrane easily.
• Lipid molecules do not pass through the plasma membrane easily.
• Large molecules pass through the plasma membrane easily.

Which of the following statements describes the correct flow of energy conversions through living systems?

• Chloroplasts generate chemical energy in the form of ATP molecules and mitochondria convert ATP molecules into glucose to be used for work.
• Chloroplasts produce carbon dioxide and water during photosynthesis, which in turn is used by mitochondria to generate ATP molecules.
• Mitochondria capture solar energy and convert it to oxygen. Oxygen is used by chloroplasts to generate ATP molecules.
• Mitochondria convert solar energy into the chemical energy of nutrient molecules such as glucose. Chloroplasts then burn glucose into ATP molecules during cellular respiration.
• Chloroplasts convert solar energy to the chemical energy of nutrient molecules and mitochondria convert this chemical energy into ATP molecules used for work.

The largest number of ATP molecules is produced in which phase of cellular respiration?

• Calvin cycle
• electron transport chain
• citric acid cycle
• preparation reaction
• glycolysis

How does caffeine influence metabolic pathways?

• Because caffeine is a stimulant, it only stimulates metabolic pathways; it never blocks or inhibits them.
• Caffeine causes the brain to release hormones that result in the storage of fatty acid chains. This process generates energy.
• Caffeine stimulates the metabolic pathways that result in excess water production, causing frequent urination.
• Caffeine increases energy generated by cellular respiration pathways by increasing metabolic rates.
• Caffeine stimulates pathways that control blood glucose levels, resulting in a decrease in blood glucose.

Both starch and cellulose are made by stringing together many glucose molecules. However, while starch is easily digested by humans, cellulose is indigestible. The starch polysaccharide has bonds occurring below the sugar rings, while the bonds in cellulose alternate above the ring and below the next ring. How can you explain humans’ inability to digest cellulose?

• The acidic molecules found in stomach acid cannot act on the bonds that are above the sugar rings in cellulose.
• The enzyme that breaks down starch can only fit the specific bond configuration of bonds below the ring.
• The alternating bonds make the cellulose molecule too large and bulky to enter cells for digestion.
• Humans do not eat cellulose.
• Cellular respiration is only capable of breaking down specific bonds.

Which is a correct association of mitochondrion structure and phase of cellular respiration?

• matrix—glycolysis
• cristae—preparatory reaction
• matrix—citric acid cycle
• cristae—glycolysis
• matrix—electron transport chain


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